When it comes to proper and healthy food, vegetables and fruits are usually the first to come to mind. And few in this regard recall the medicinal herbs and spices. And they, by the way, also play a crucial role for health. Take at least sage. This is not just aromatic seasoning for meat or delicious tea.
The properties of this herb in the Middle Ages were successfully used by healers and medicine men for the treatment of various diseases and even perpetuated in legends. The legend has come down to us that the smell of roots of a goose foot, grown from a spring from which Ilya of Murom, tired of endless lying on the stove, decided to get drunk, inspired him to win over the Nightingale the Robber.
Alfalfa - one of the representatives of the legume family. This medicinal plant is originally from Central Asia. It is also known under the names of Healer, Dawn and Medunch. Humanity has long known about the beneficial properties of this herb. According to historical chronicles, as early as 470 BC, during the war between the Persians and the Greeks from the Persian province of Medes, a certain plant endowed with a wide range of healing properties was brought to Greece.
A small shrub with thin sprigs that carpets the ground with a soft carpet. From time immemorial, thyme has been considered a herb with magical, almost divine power. At a time when antibiotics and drugs of synthetic origin were not even discussed, thyme was actively used by folk healers to treat a variety of ailments - from coughing to nervous disorders.
A rose is a flower to which it is virtually impossible to remain indifferent. Sophisticated petals combined with sharp spikes, a bewitching aroma, incredible color scheme turn this flower into a real queen among their own kind. For the first time, a rose began to be cultivated in ancient Rome. It is curious that it was grown in special gardens intended exclusively for plants that had not decorative, but quite practical purposes: spices and medicinal herbs.
Cilantro, Chinese parsley, coriander - all the names of one unique plant. Oddly enough, but coriander and cilantro are two names of one element. It came to Europe at the beginning of the 20th century from Asian countries. Now cultivation of such a valuable crop is practiced almost everywhere. The plant is extremely popular due to its healing and taste qualities, indispensable in medicine.
Mallow - single or biennial plant, part of the family Malvaceae. Its distinguishing characteristic is a branched stem, reaching 1.2 meters in height, and rounded leaves, sometimes shaped like a heart. Mallow in bloom in August, whitish-pink small flowers, and its fruits are the very "balls", which since childhood are well known to many of us.
Pumpkin flowers have long been used in cooking by the peoples of the world. They are valued for nutrients as well as interesting taste characteristics. In some countries they are sold in supermarkets on a par with potatoes and cabbage. Many gardeners from the CIS countries grow pumpkins for personal use, using both its fruits and tinctures made from seeds.
When we think about nature, we think about different shades of green. When we think about health, many people have an idea about something green. That's right, because green is usually associated with good aspects of life, but when it comes to choosing food, people usually have a certain reluctance to eat green crops without adding them to their daily diet.
Nettle (Urtica dioica) is a common sight in the backyards and gardens, although it is often taken away and thrown to the side, sometimes even avoided due to its stinging properties. The first documented use of this herb was that Roman soldiers fought the cold by rubbing leaves in their hands to cause inflammation and irritation.
Ruta vegetable belongs to the ruta family. Grown in the gardens and gardens. It has a spicy taste and medicinal properties. Height is not more than 82 cm, branched, with cirrus-dissected leaves and yellow flowers. The seeds are black-brown in color with a rough surface. It blooms from early to late summer.
The healing properties of rhizomes of water lilies have been known for more than five thousand years. The roots of this perennial plant were originally used in religious rituals and ceremonies, and medicines from it were extremely expensive and were available only to very wealthy inhabitants of the ancient world. Dishes using the lotus root and are nowadays extremely popular in the countries of East and Southeast Asia.
Associations with the word quinoa arise, to put it mildly, not good. Gardeners know how hard it is to get rid of such a harmful weed, because quinoa grows everywhere: in gardens, in gardens, along roadsides, in fields. And before, it was often used as food. During the war years, this plant saved a lot of people from death.
Watercress is a growing vegetable plant with an island flavor. To this he owes mustard oil, which is part of its chemical composition. Often those who first try its greens say that it resembles mustard or horseradish. Nevertheless, its valuable and useful properties have been known since ancient times.
This grass got the unusual name catnip because of the fact that it was very chosen by representatives of the cat family. They are magnetically drawn to this beautiful and fragrant plant. In ancient times, catnip was attributed to magical properties and otherworldly forces. It was believed that such a plant has power over any animal.
In ancient Rome it was believed that this plant improves morale, eliminates melancholy, and helps to overcome any fear. The legendary warriors of Sparta drank a decoction of borago before the battles in order to save victories over the enemy. For thousands of years, this herb has not lost its extraordinary properties and is valued today no less.
The name of this valuable plant comes from the two Greek words drakon and kephalos - a snake and a head. Dracocephalum (from the Latin Dracocéphalum), which means the head of a snake, has become the name of a whole genus of plants, numbering more than forty species. Now you can hear such names as: a mother queen, a vegetable snakehead, a honey cake, Turkish melissa, Moldavian balm, a bruise and even a dragonhead.
Rough melotria belongs to the category of perennial and annual plants at the same time. According to the botanical classification, it passes through the group of pumpkin. The historical habitat of the plant is called Africa, North America. The appearance of greenery sometimes evokes thoughts of similarity with vines, and the fruits are similar to cucumbers with the color of watermelon.
Hyssop is a beautiful unpretentious plant often used for decorative purposes. It can be seen in the picturesque corners of personal plots, as well as a hedge in gardens or on alpine slides. Some connoisseurs plant such a plant in flower pots at home. And no wonder! After all, not only does this plant have rare beauty, its exquisite aroma mesmerizes.
In the crop market, a grassy plant such as chives is a priority. Judging by the name, it’s not hard to guess that it belongs to the onion family. Recognition among consumers took a long time, due to the properties and unpretentious care. He has a lot of "names". For example, in Siberia - a rezan or rezun, In Italy and Portugal - just "English onion", and in the northern regions of the Russian Federation - chives.