Immunity is an incredibly complex system, influenced by both external and internal stimuli. Resistance to the organism is affected by heredity, stress, ecology, and, of course, human eating habits. A negative reaction of an organism to one or another factor-stimulus can manifest itself in different ways - however, most often it is presented in the form of allergic reactions.
According to statistics, a third of the inhabitants of our planet suffer from allergies in one form or another. Any factors that the body determines as foreign can become allergens. Most often, skin, mucous membranes, lungs and gastrointestinal tract react to allergens.
Since human immunity plays a decisive role in his life, any symptoms of allergies are a reason for contacting a specialist. In addition, it is imperative to adhere to a specific diet that minimizes exposure to allergens.
Causes and manifestations of skin allergies
Recent decades have been marked by a sharp increase in the number of potential pathogenic agents. During the period of human evolution, the body has managed to develop antibodies to certain natural allergens. However, the industry is developing rapidly, new food products, medicines, materials, fragrances are appearing. All of them can provoke a negative reaction of the immune system.
Also, the cause of allergies can still become substances of natural origin: dust, mold, pollen of flowering trees and shrubs, pet hair.
In addition, certain foods can cause allergies. The leaders in this list are milk, citrus fruits, chocolate and eggs.
The most common manifestations of skin allergies are small reddish rashes. They can appear both in some local area, and throughout the body. A distinctive characteristic of an allergic rash is that it occurs suddenly and spreads rapidly. Affected areas itch, burn and peel. If you do not take emergency measures, then more serious types of allergic reactions may develop: urticaria, eczema, atopic dermatitis and atopic dermatitis.
Urticaria appears in the form of blisters resembling burns that occur when in contact with nettles. They itch a lot and can merge, turning into large painful plaques.
Eczema - large rough spots, unbearably itchy. They occur most often on the skin of the face and on the hands. Over time, they turn into erosion and begin to get wet.
Atopic dermatitis is a manifestation of an allergic reaction to external stimuli. Its symptom is the appearance on the skin of severely itchy spots that begin to get wet. The appearance of edema is also possible.
Neurodermatitis is characterized by a rash of a papular nature. They cause severe itching. The skin dries, peels, coarsens.
Skin Allergy Diet Principles
A skin allergy diet is designed to minimize the appearance of allergic reactions. The basic principle that underlies this nutrition system is the exclusion from the diet of foods with high allergenic potential, which can increase the sensitivity of the immune system to the effects of any provoking allergen factors.
So, highly allergenic products are honey, chicken eggs, cow's milk, fruits and berries of red and orange colors. Seafood, coffee and cocoa, all kinds of chocolate can cause allergies. Smoked products, seasonings of any kind, nuts and mushrooms also have a high allergenic potential.
Another category is products with an average allergenic potential. In some cases, they can also provoke allergies, and therefore their content in the diet should be reduced. We are talking about cereals, buckwheat and corn groats, legumes, bananas, peaches and watermelons, as well as potatoes.
Finally, there are low allergenic products. The likelihood of allergic reactions during their use tends to zero. Products with low sensitizing ability also reduce the activity of the immune system and contribute to the normalization of metabolic processes in the body.
Low-allergenic are kefir, yogurt and other sour-milk products, mineral water without gas, lean pork and beef, greens, olive oil, cabbage.
Thus, the principles of a diet for skin allergies are the rejection of highly allergenic products and a decrease in the volume of foods with moderate allergenicity in the diet. At the same time, the menu should remain balanced, varied and full.
The list of products allowed for use with skin manifestations of allergies is quite wide. The composition of a hypoallergenic diet includes:
|Meat||Exclusively lean varieties of beef, lamb, turkey and rabbit meat. Allowed white skinless chicken meat. Steam must be boiled, boiled or baked|
|First meal||Soups on vegetable or beef broth with allowed vegetables|
|Fats||Olive and sunflower oil, butter is allowed if there is no allergy to lactose|
|Porridge||Barley, rice, millet, oatmeal porridge, boiled on water|
|Lactic acid products||Cottage cheese, yogurt, kefir, yogurt. Please note that any flavoring or aromatic additives are prohibited. Brynza is also allowed|
|Vegetables and fruits||Cucumbers, cabbage, any leafy greens, green peas. Potatoes in limited quantities, exclusively boiled.|
Pears and apples. Pay attention to the color - only light fruits of a golden hue are allowed. You will have to refuse bright red and intense green fruits
|The drinks||Green tea, allowed dried fruits. Golden apple stewed fruit|
|Bread||Dried white bread, yeast-free pita bread, whole grain baked goods|
Compiling a list of foods prohibited during a diet for skin allergies is complicated by the fact that often even adults are not able to determine exactly what exactly triggers their allergic reaction. Therefore, the "black list" includes only those products that are most often able to cause a negative response of the immune system.
- Any foods containing food additives: monosodium glutamate, sweeteners, artificial flavors. Preservatives and dyes are also prohibited.
- Alcohol. Both strong drinks and beer are excluded. Moreover, with skin allergies, the diet even includes the exclusion of alcohol-containing drugs.
- Citrus fruits: lemons and limes, oranges, tangerines and grapefruits. Also banned are any exotic fruits that are not typical of your area of residence (pineapples, mangoes, kiwi, etc.).
- Exotic seafood: lobsters, crabs, mussels and oysters.
- Any nuts: walnuts, forest, pistachios, peanuts, etc. Refuse should also be from the products in which they are included.
- Corn in all forms, including corn oil, syrup, popcorn, starch, etc.
- Soy in all forms (soy sauce, cheese, milk and meat), as well as products containing soy protein (for example, sausages).
- Eggs in any form, not only yolk, but also protein.
- Chocolate, cocoa and coffee.
It is worth noting that the list of prohibited products, as well as the list of those that are approved for use, can vary, taking into account the individual properties of the body. Therefore, to draw up the final version of the diet, you should consult with a specialist.
Sample menu for skin allergies
The basic diet for skin allergies is a non-specific hypoallergenic nutrition system. Most foods with a high and medium allergenic potential are excluded from the diet. It is important that the diet remains balanced.
Monday: we will have breakfast with buckwheat porridge in whole milk. Allowed diet bread with jam and green tea. At lunch, hunger will satisfy the vegetable lean soup, baked potatoes with a salad of leafy greens and cucumbers, a steam chicken cutlet. For sweets - dried fruit compote. Supper noodles and diet sausages. Thirst will quench weak tea with sugar.
Tuesday: For breakfast, fritters with sour cream and apple jam. We have lunch with broccoli puree soup, boiled beef tongue and a salad of fresh vegetables. A compote of apples and pears is allowed. For dinner, beef steamed meatballs, cucumber, whole grain bread and green tea.
Wednesday: have breakfast with semolina porridge in milk, a whole-grain bread sandwich with cheese and tea. At noon, eat pilaf with lean beef, and quench your thirst with apple juice. For dinner there will be meatloaf with vegetables and sweet tea.
Thursday: in the morning you will find cottage cheese casserole with raisins and chamomile tea. We have lunch noodles on a vegetable broth with steam meatballs. Mineral water will quench your thirst. Dinner is to be pancakes with cottage cheese and a sandwich with lean boiled meat and lettuce. Green tea allowed.
Friday: for breakfast - rice porridge in milk with prunes and tea. We have lunch with potato casserole, cabbage and apple salad and rye bread. For dinner, millet porridge with toasted cereal bread. Natural yogurt will quench your thirst.
Saturday: have breakfast with oatmeal in milk with the addition of dried apricots and a sandwich with boiled sausage. Thirst quenched by weak black tea. For lunch - pea soup puree without the addition of smoked meats and stewed cabbage with lean beef. We have supper with dried fruit compote and cottage cheese casserole.
Sunday: the day begins with yogurt and toast with butter and jam. For lunch - vegetable stew and steam meatballs. For dinner - boiled brown rice with the addition of butter. Meatballs made from lean beef are allowed.
Monday: curd casserole and black sweet tea for breakfast. We have lunch with vegetable soup with buckwheat and fish meatballs. Dried fruit compote is allowed. Supper millet porridge, baked turkey meat and fresh vegetables. Sweet tea completes the meal.
Tuesday: for breakfast semolina porridge with fruit jam, tea. We have lunch lean borsch with boiled beef. For dinner - steam chicken cutlets with rice and vegetable salad.
Wednesday: in the morning we satisfy hunger with pancakes with apple jam. Unsweetened tea allowed. We will have lunch with vegetable soup, diet sausages and dried fruit compote. For dinner - cottage cheese casserole with raisins.
Thursday: a modest breakfast will consist of apples and pears, as well as biscuits. At lunchtime, we’ll quench our cooked rice with turkey meatballs and a fresh cabbage salad. We have dinner pilaf with vegetables.
Friday: breakfast today will be semolina casserole and sweet tea. We have lunch with chicken breast and a salad of fresh vegetables. For dinner, millet porridge with butter and herbal tea.
Saturday: Breakfast today with diet sausages with vegetable salad. For lunch - brown rice with meatballs from lean beef and stewed fruit. Supper pancakes with apple jam.
Sunday: for breakfast - pancakes with jam. We have lunch with stewed vegetables and steamed beef. For dinner - any cereal with fruit and tea.
Skin Allergy Diet Myths
It should be noted that a certain number of misconceptions are associated with nutrition for allergies to the skin. Shatter the main ones.
First of all, no one requires a strict diet throughout life. Serious restrictions are introduced only during periods of exacerbation. All other time only allergen products are excluded.
Some argue that during the diet period, alcoholic beverages that do not include ethyl alcohol are allowed. This is not so - in fact, any alcohol is banned.
Finally, contrary to popular belief, you should not be a dermatologist or an allergist at all to help you make a diet for skin allergies. This is the responsibility of the dietitian, who will be guided by the conclusion received from the dermatologist.
Specialty: doctor pediatrician, infectious disease specialist, allergist-immunologist.
Total length of service: 7 years.
Education: 2010, Siberian State Medical University, pediatric, pediatrics.
Experience as an infectious disease specialist for more than 3 years.
He has a patent on the subject "A method for predicting a high risk of the formation of a chronic pathology of the adeno-tonsillar system in frequently ill children." As well as the author of publications in VAK journals.