The properties of this herb in the Middle Ages were successfully used by healers and medicine men for the treatment of various diseases and even perpetuated in legends. The legend has come down to us that the smell of roots of a goose foot, grown from a spring from which Ilya of Murom, tired of endless lying on the stove, decided to get drunk, inspired him to win over the Nightingale the Robber.
Of the many species of this plant the most popular is cinquefoil goose, recognized not only by folk but also by scientific medicine as a reliable biologically active agent for external and internal use.
This unique plant, known as Dubrovka goose, convulsive grass, gill, foot, flatbush, martinova hand and caterpillar, cures a whole bunch of diseases. In addition to the anticonvulsant action, it has the ability to stop bleeding. Silverweed goose is one of the ingredients of the Bashkir balsam "Kapova Cave" and is widely used in home magic to purify and protect against evil spirits.
The Latin name for Potentilla Goose is Roteptilla anserina L. A perennial herb belonging to the family Rosaceae (Rosaceae), is distinguished by a thick and short rhizome and creeping "mustache", whose shoots can be up to 70 centimeters in length.
Goose grass is widespread throughout the temperate latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere (in the European and post-Soviet space), with the exception of high-mountainous regions. She chooses wet soil and bright light, taking root intensively alongside water bodies, housing, and in places where cattle graze. The plant spreads the meadows with a luxurious carpet and is easily recognized by the oblong and smooth green leaves, which are characteristicly pubescent hairs.
During the flowering period from May to August, the plant looks incredibly attractive thanks to towering and pleasantly smelling yellowish-golden flowers that grow from the leaf axils. The honey flower consists of five petals, and the fruits of the goose cinquefoil are clusters of dry achene. Due to its beauty, the plant has been used in landscape design, in particular, it is widely used for decorating alpine hills.
Collecting and harvesting
All parts of the plant, including grass, flowers, seeds and rhizome have been used in medicine. The collection of goose grass opens with the beginning of its flowering in May and lasts until its completion in August. Grass is harvested away from the roads. Dry it in the shade or special dryers, as well as in well-ventilated areas.
Potentilla seeds begin to pick up after ripening, around the end of August, and the rhizome is dug out in early spring or autumn, after the surface part of the plant dries out.
Under the right storage conditions (in boxes, in well ventilated areas), the charges do not lose their healing properties for two years.
Chemical composition and caloric content
Goose cinquefoil has a unique composition of biologically active components, the full range of which has not yet been fully studied. In addition to vitamins and microelements, in particular, choline and zinc, organic and fatty acids, essential oils and glycosides with carbohydrates (glucose, fructose, rhamnose), as well as bitterness are found in the plant.
The leaves of the plant contain more than 220 mg of vitamin C, up to 30 mg of carotene, as well as ellagic acid (coumarins), tannins, flavonoids and leucoanthocyanidins.
Lapatka rhizome is also rich in ascorbic acid (more than 105 mg). The roots of the plant contain pigments and quinic acid, as well as a sufficiently large amount of protein and starch, which leads to its use in addition to medicine and in cooking. The presence of tannins in the leaves and rhizome of cinquefoil (up to 25%), as well as flavonoids, allows the plant to be used in tanning leather and as a dye.
The nutritional value of dry raw materials (crushed flowers, leaves, stems and roots of the plant) is about 140 kcal per 100 g. If we talk about nutrients, their content is as follows: 20 g of proteins, 5.1 g of fat and 6.9 g carbohydrates.
If we talk about trace elements in dry raw materials, it is, above all, potassium (6.1 mg) and calcium (7.4 mg). The first is necessary in order to keep the heart muscle in good shape and to normalize the heart rate. In addition, it has antihistamine properties, facilitating the manifestations of allergies, and helps maintain water balance in the body. Calcium is responsible for the condition of bone and dental tissue. Its deficiency adversely affects the condition of the skin and hair. Calcium is also necessary for normal blood clotting and normalization of the nervous system.
Magnesium (2.5 mg) along with calcium is responsible for the structure of bone tissue and its strength. Its deficiency "hits" the kidneys and the digestive system. This element is needed to help the body cope with stressful situations and emotional overload. In addition, magnesium is a prophylactic against the appearance of calculi in the kidneys and gall bladder.
Zinc (2.02 mg) helps to improve skin condition, prevent inflammation, desquamation, and allergic reactions. It also normalizes the sebaceous glands. Its deficiency leads to insomnia, increased nervousness, panic attacks.
Copper (1 mg) is necessary for the prevention of anemia. In addition, this element prevents the development of depressive states, helps with nervous overloads, has a positive effect on the condition of the skin and hair.
Cobalt (0.96 mg) is necessary for the normalization of the blood formula, since without it the formation of red blood cells is impossible. He also participates in the normalization of the pancreas, stimulating the production of enzymes.
Use in medicine of nations of the world
The healing properties of Potentilla Goose have long been successfully used by folk healers of various nations in the treatment of a huge number of ailments.
Tibetan and Mongolian healers were well aware of the antiseptic properties of this herb, which they treated for gastrointestinal diseases, diarrhea and dyspepsia, as well as acne and uteroptosis.
Bulgarian physicians healed with goose grass ulcers and catarrhs of the stomach, herpes, and used it to treat dysentery, female diseases, and with severe pregnancy.
Karelian doctors used convulsive grass to treat a whole bunch of diseases. It was used to treat sore throats and cracked lips, tuberculosis, gastritis, migraines, arthritis, rheumatism, and for bruises and snake bites.
In folk medicine, Hungary was aware of the property of the gill to purify the blood and help with depression, neurosis and epilepsy, as well as headaches and toothaches, edema and joint diseases.
German healers offered herbal teas with diarrhea and colic, muscle cramps, with all sorts of internal bleeding and painful menstruation.
Ukrainian healers used goose grass to treat tetanus.
Indians used this plant to treat jaundice.
Bulgarians, Hungarians and Romanians have successfully used Lapchatka to treat the endocrine system.
Recipes of traditional medicine
As noted above, potentilla is widely used in traditional medicine as a component of decoctions and infusions intended for the treatment of a variety of ailments.
In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Pour 20 g of crushed rhizomes and herbs with a liter of boiling water. An hour later, filter. Take three times a day for ¾ cup. Course duration is from 14 days to a month.
For the treatment of wounds
Boil in 250 ml of water 20-30 grams of chopped herbs for twenty minutes. Filter the finished mass and apply for compresses. It can also be used to rinse when bleeding gums
Pour 20 g of grass with 200 ml of water. Boil over low heat for a quarter of an hour, and after two hours filter. Take three times a day before meals.
With urolithiasis and gallstone disease
Mix in equal quantities fresh Lapchatka juice with fresh green rye juice. It should be taken three times a day, 15 ml.
With uterine bleeding
Pour 10 g of Potentilla into one liter of boiling water. Protome in a water bath for a quarter of an hour. Take three times a day for half a glass. Please note that this is a dose for adults. Young girls should take a means of 50 ml.
With painful menstruation
Fill 5-10 g of seeds with 250 ml of milk. Boil for five minutes, then filter. Take twice a day for half a glass.
Pour 10 g of crushed rhizomes with 250 ml of boiling water. Boil over low heat for a quarter of an hour. Let stand for twenty minutes, then filter. Take two tablespoons four times a day.
With increased pressure
30 g milled stems, roots and flowers of Potentilla pour a glass of boiling water. After eight hours, filter. Take two-thirds of a cup three times a day, before breakfast, lunch and dinner.
If hypertension is still at the initial stage, another decoction should be prepared, which will help stabilize the pressure indicators. 10 g of crushed leaves and grass stems pour 200 ml of boiling water. After eight hours, filter and take half an hour before breakfast and 100 ml before dinner.
The popularity of goose grass among healers of different nations is due to the wide range of useful properties of this plant.
Due to its antispasmodic and analgesic properties, the extract of this herb is able to reduce smooth muscle tone. This allows it to relax the muscles of the esophagus and uterus, as well as the biliary tract. Therefore, preparations based on this plant are useful for intestinal colic, exacerbation of gastritis and peptic ulcer disease, colitis, as well as painful periods.
It is difficult to overestimate the value of the cinquefoil as an antiseptic and wound-healing agent. Drugs based on this herb have proven themselves to treat a variety of dermatological problems: furunculosis, eczema, acne. Compresses with a decoction of this plant contribute to the healing of purulent wounds, reduce pain with bruises. Also, a decoction of convulsive herbs is useful for bleeding gums. It can be used to rinse to neutralize bad breath, as well as to prevent the spread of infection.
Due to the bitterness present in its composition, potentilla stimulates the secretion of gastric juice and bile. Therefore, it is useful in liver diseases and the presence of calculi in the gallbladder.
Tannins give Potentilla hemostatic properties. Therefore, a decoction of the rhizomes of this plant is useful for heavy periods, because it allows to reduce blood loss.
A decoction of the rhizomes of this herb helps with diarrhea due to its astringent properties.
Silverweed is a strong diuretic. The decoction of it is recommended for use in cystitis, nephritis, the presence of sand in the kidneys. In addition, due to the elimination of excess fluid from the body, the silverweed effectively fights against edema.
Baths with a decoction of Potentilla have excellent tonic properties, help with fatigue, but at the same time help to relax and get out of a stressful state for insomnia.
Potentilla is often called convulsive grass, because it helps with convulsions of different etiologies. Often it is used to prepare a decoction intended for the treatment of nervous suffocation and cramps of the gastrocnemius muscles. Grass is one of the components of the so-called "anticonvulsant collection", which is used for bathing babies.
Use in cooking
It is noteworthy that potentilla is used not only in medicine, but also in cooking. Fresh leaves and shoots are added to salads and soups. In dried form, chopped leaves and roots are used as a spice to meat and fish dishes due to its tart taste. Potentilla is present in the composition of many dishes of national English cuisine.
In addition, flour is prepared from the roots of goose grass. They are pre-soaked for several days, so that the bitterness inherent in this plant is gone, and then dried and crushed. The finished powder is mixed with rye flour and used for baking bread. Potentilla roots are also consumed in fried form as an independent dish.
Cooking green cabbage soup
You will need the following ingredients: one kilogram of a mixture of different greens: sorrel, nettle, paprika goose, spinach, wild garlic, parsley, green onions, etc. in any proportions. For broth: 1 kg calf breast, one carrot, one onion, bay leaf. For refueling: six potatoes, one carrot, three boiled hard-boiled eggs, mustard, horseradish, mayonnaise and sour cream.
Rinse the meat, place in a saucepan and cover with cold water. Bring to a boil, remove the foam. Reduce the fire, salt, add bay leaf, carrot and onion. Boil for one and a half hours.
Greens cover with cold water and let stand for twenty minutes. Then rinse, dry and chop thoroughly. If you use nettle, do not forget to pre-scald it with boiling water.
Peel and dice the potatoes and carrots. Eggs cut in half lengthwise, remove the yolks and grind with mayonnaise, horseradish and mustard, and then stuff this mixture of proteins.
Remove meat and seasonings from the broth. Strain the broth, put on the fire and bring to a boil, then add the vegetables. Please note, throw them into the pan should be a five-minute interval in the following sequence: first potatoes, then carrots, then nettles. After a quarter of an hour, add the rest of the greens, and after five minutes, remove the pan from the heat. Sprinkle the soup with parsley or green onions, add sour cream. Stuffed eggs are placed in a plate with soup before serving.
Since cinquefoil is an herb with high biological activity, it is necessary to approach its use responsibly.
First of all, due to the property of the plant to lower blood pressure indices, hypotonics should be used with caution. Also the use of cinquefoil is not recommended for increased blood clotting.
Those who have been diagnosed with kidney stones should be used very carefully, because large stones may be stuck in the ureter when exiting.
In addition, goose grass can irritate the gastric mucosa, so its use in any form should be abandoned during exacerbation of gastritis.
Many are interested in the answer to the question of whether it is possible to take drugs on the basis of Potentilla during pregnancy. Formally, there is no ban on the use of decoctions and infusions of this herb. However, you should first consult with your doctor, because the goose grass is a plant with high biological activity.
But it is better for nursing mothers to take cinquefoil preparations so as not to provoke an allergic reaction in the newborn.