Xanthelasma is a benign neoplasm that looks very much like a flat plaque, soft and painless. There may be several such plaques, and with their large accumulations, they gather in one smooth tumor, delivering a lot of inconvenience. First, it all looks pretty unpresentable, and secondly, it can interfere with the century. Therefore, such tumors, even without bearing any physical harm, it is desirable to remove.
Such tumors slowly progress, but they do not develop into malignant ones. There are various methods of treatment of xanthelasm, however, in order to completely and permanently get rid of them can only be surgically.
Basic Xanthelasma Removal Techniques
Before any treatment for benign tumors, it is advisable to complete a full course of examination to identify the cause that caused their occurrence. Therefore, before deciding to remove, you need to contact the endocrinologist and check the body's metabolism.
Only in this way can you prevent the appearance of xanthelasm in the future.
Get rid of these tumors in several ways. All of them are quite effective, and each of them has its advantages and disadvantages.
Xanthelasma can be removed surgically. It provides a mechanical effect on education with the help of surgical instruments. After such intervention, stitches are imposed on the wound without fail. Although this method is fully justified, it also has some drawbacks. The most basic of them is a significant traumatic effect. Often, after such operations, unaesthetic scars may remain on the eyelids. Especially if the xanthelasma was large.
Cryodestruction is one of the most modern methods of Xanthelasma removal. It consists in exposing the tumor to extremely low temperatures. With freezing, which is usually done with liquid nitrogen, such formations simply die off, leaving behind a dry crust, which eventually also disappears. But in order to achieve the desired result, in most cases several procedures may be required.
Laser removal of xanthelasma. It is considered one of the best and most popular methods to date. Its popularity is due to the fact that this procedure has many advantages and has virtually no drawbacks.
Advantages of laser coagulation
Laser xanthelasma removal has a number of advantages over other methods:
- after laser exposure, the risk of new formations is reduced several times;
- cholesterol deposits are evaporated using a CO2 laser, so this procedure does not have any mechanical or contact action;
- in most cases only one procedure is enough to achieve the desired effect;
- exposure to a laser beam leaves almost no marks on the skin, and therefore is considered the most effective procedure in aesthetic and cosmetological terms;
- after such procedures, time for the rehabilitation period is practically not required.
Stages of laser removal of xanthelasm
Laser coagulation has several stages:
- Preparation for the procedure. During the initial examination, the doctor collects the patient's history, determines indications and possible contraindications to the procedure. In addition, before the procedure will need to undergo some clinical studies, which are also appointed by a specialist. At this stage, the doctor will talk about how the procedure will take place, what consequences the patient can expect after it, and also focuses on possible risks and some limiting factors.
- Laser removal. With the help of a laser beam affecting the formation, layers of xanthelasma are evaporated. In this case, the patient does not experience any discomfort, except for a slight feeling of warmth on the skin. In some cases, local anesthesia is applied. The whole procedure takes no more than half an hour, depending on the affected area. This method has almost no trauma.
- The rehabilitation period. Immediately after the procedure, the area of exposure is treated with an anesthetic solution to eliminate the possibility of infection or the occurrence of inflammatory processes. Such procedures can and will even need to be carried out at home. The healing of the resulting wound occurs within one to two weeks. After the dry crust formed, the skin does not leave any traces.
In order to reduce the risk of re-occurrence of the disease, it is necessary to carry out exactly all the appointments of a specialist and follow his recommendations. In such cases, to restore lipid metabolism in the body, as well as to reduce cholesterol, the patient is shown a low-carb diet and a healthy lifestyle.
Xanthelasma is a rather unpleasant formation on the eyelids. It does not carry any physical discomfort for the patient, but can affect emotional health, as it causes aesthetic disharmony. This is especially important for patients of the fair sex, who spend a lot of time and effort on caring for their appearance. Therefore, in order to quickly and effectively get rid of such cholesterol deposits on the skin, a laser coagulation method is used, which is considered to be the most progressive at the present time.
Removing xanthelasma with a laser can achieve a remarkable effect in a minimum amount of time. In addition, this procedure is absolutely safe, painless and practically has no contraindications. However, before its passage, it is imperative to consult with a gastroendocrinologist, pass a series of laboratory tests and identify the cause of the disease.